North Korea Talks With America

North Korea has proposed to conduct talks with America just a few days after they cancelled a meeting with officials from South Korea. The National Defence Commission (which is North Korea’s “highest guiding organ of the military and the managing organ of military matters” according to their 1998 constitution) demanded “serious discussions” to “secure peace and stability”. The US also demanded “credible negotiations” as long as they complied with UN regulations.

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This is North Korea and America’s first high-level talks since 2009, with only smaller meeting since. The threat of nuclear war and attacks on South Korea and the US coupled with false promises to work  amicably with these countries led to a renewed desire to engage in high-level talks.

North Korea has constantly been pushing the boundaries, conducting three nuclear tests in the past few years, angering most of the world and their only ally, China. The high-level talks to be conducted are a break-through in almost non-existent compromise previously. Earlier sanctions imposed by China led to increased threats from north Korea and the cutting of hotlines used for emergency communication with the South.

Although earlier in the week North Korea agreed to talk with the South they later cancelled the meeting accusing them of “deliberate disturbance” by changing the head of its delegation. However, they have now said they will be willing to have “serious discussions on a wide range of issues, including the US goal to achieve the world free of nuclear arsenal”.

Do you think North Korea will go ahead with the talks? Will the talks have a positive or negative consequence?

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North Korea – Your Questions Answered!

North Korea is a large concern internationally and we want to clear up some questions you may want answered:

Do they have a bomb?

It is fairly certain they do in fact have one, but it is uncertain whether they have a missile that can carry it. In 2006, 2009 and this year North Korea have stated that successful tests have occurred and are prepared to launch – but nothing came of it. There is some satellite data that suggests they have been testing and conducting experiments underground in the East side of the country, and although it is certain they have enough chemicals to produce the bomb it is still unverified whether they have made a bomb small enough to fit on a missile.

North Korea’s Nuclear Programme

In 2008, North Korea said that they would stop operations and even dismantle their facilities, but this year they have stated that they will restart these facilities in opposition to the latest US sanctions (a threatened penalty for disobeying a law). However, it is believed the operations were never actually stopped in 2008 and that North Korea have a number of uranium-enrichment programmes. Furthermore, a number of new facilities are being built in the country which they say are for civilian purposes, but it is very likely that they are in fact facilities which will aid their Nuclear Programme.

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What is being done about their Nuclear programme?

So far there has been a lot of negotiation with North Korea from many countries (including USA, Russia and China) to stop the programme. In 2005 it seemed the Nuclear programme had been stopped with a deal that led to the country agreeing to abandon it nuclear ambition. However, enforcing the terms of the deal proved hard and it was believed they continued the Nuclear programme. In 2011, significant evidence suggested they had not stopped so talks and negotiations began again. In 2012, they agreed again to stop Nuclear testing and America would reward North Korea with food aid. But further testing in late 2012 and early this year broke down the talks.

The third nuclear test

This test, according to North Korea, was the test that confirmed that they had created a device small enough to fit onto a missile. This is very concerning to the international community and especially if the rumours of it being their most powerful device is true. It is also a concern that the monitoring of North Korea’s testing has failed to detect radioactive isotopes, meaning that it is uncertain what the bomb may contain. But, North Korea’s warning of “high-level” tests has led many experts to believe the bomb contains Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) – if this is true, then this is very concerning for countries worldwide.

What are your views on Korea and their nuclear programme?

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Digestible Politics

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North Korea – Are You Concerned?

Today South Korea has indicated that North Korea is a “vital threat” due to concerns that they are testing out nuclear missiles. A test launch would violate the UN Security Council Resolution 1718, passed in 2006, stating that the North “must not conduct any further nuclear test or launch of a ballistic missile”.US and South Korean sources believe that North Korea has at least one ballistic missile with a range of 3,000km ready and waiting to fire.The launch, according to South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se, could happen “anytime from now”.

Furthermore, away from nuclear missiles, South Korea has been hit by a major cyber attack which affected a number of banks and broadcasters – it is suspected that North Korea is to blame.

Currently this ‘cold war’ is at a biting point and the consequences could be devastating!

What are your views? Are you concerned?

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Digestible Politics

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